Neurological physiotherapy and what is it and what is it for?

Neurological physiotherapy

Neurological physiotherapy

Physical therapy is used to help restore motor function and movement of joints, muscles, and tendons in people who are affected by disability, illness, or injury . By keeping muscles active and joints flexible, it prevents wear and tear and deterioration of function, as well as promoting rehabilitation.

The neurological physiotherapy is a branch of physiotherapy dedicated to improving the function of patients who have suffered physical deterioration caused by neurological diseases. In this post, we see in more detail what neurorehabilitation is, the goals of neurological physiotherapy, and some reasons why study a master’s degree in neuropsychology .


Any neurological disease that affects movement and physical ability can be treated with neurophysiotherapy . Some common conditions in which this is helpful include:

  • Cerebral embolism
  • Traumatic brain injury / head injury
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Bell’s palsy

Depending on the medical condition, the effects can range from motor deficits, paralysis, tremors, and spasms to ataxia or lack of sensation . This is because damage to the central nervous system can cause the disruption of afferent and efferent pathways that carry nerve signals to and from muscles and organs.

Neurological physiotherapy is used in patients of all ages, from the very young to the elderly. The child neurological physiotherapy is one that takes care of premature babies and newborns with some sort of neurological risk, children and preadolescents with acquired brain injury or congenital or neurological disorders.


Neurological physical therapists are experienced and trained to treat neurological problems with the goal of providing interventions that help a person regain or maintain maximum functional and movement independence. This is accomplished by assisting in the development of new paths through repetition and exercise.

It is important for neurological physical therapists to work closely with other members of the multidisciplinary team, including speech and language therapists, occupational therapists, dietitians, nurses, and physicians . Effective communication between the patient, family members, and the multidisciplinary team is essential for positive outcomes after a neurological disorder.


The goal of neurological physical therapy is to help rehabilitate physical deficiencies caused by neurological problems such as those mentioned above. It adapts to the specific needs of each individual with a personalized objective. For example, does the patient need big improvements, such as learning to walk again, or is it small fine movements that you need to correct?

Some examples of exercises performed during rehabilitation are:

  • Advice for understanding and managing symptoms
  • Balance exercises
  • Helps with body alignment
  • Activities to improve balance and walking
  • Exercises to improve the function of the upper and lower extremities
  • Activities to control movement
  • Fatigue management
  • Cardiovascular and strength exercises
  • Pain management
  • Activities for the management of spasticity, spasms and muscle tension


More and more physiotherapists are needed around the world and many people are encouraging themselves to study a degree or master in this area. If you have an attitude of service, you are interested in research and the application of scientific principles to help people with functional limitations, you should still think about studying one of our masters in biomedical and health at the European University, such as the Master in Neurological Physiotherapy in Valencia.

Here are some of the reasons to study neurological physiotherapy :

1: At the end of your degree, you will find different professional opportunities including being a neurological physiotherapist in institutions where there are patients with neurological damage, in nursing homes, being autonomous or independent, or working in the education sector as a teacher or researcher.
2: By dealing directly with patients, you are involved in their entire rehabilitation process. It is at that moment when they will see the true fruits of your profession and where you will be motivated every day with your work .
3: Our Master in Clinical Neuropsychology is based on true professional life. You will obtain a comprehensive training, based on learning through real cases together with theoretical-practical learning.

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